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Common Skin Conditions
Acne is a skin condition caused by hair follicles getting clogged with oil and dead skin cells.
This clogging leads to the hallmark formations of acne (blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and nodules).
Hives are itchy welts on the surface of your skin, typically caused by allergic reaction.
Most hives go away on their own, but can occasionally be chronic in nature and lead to more serious concerns.
Melasma is a disorder that results in dark-coloured patches on your skin, generally found on the face.
This is a result of your skin cells over-producing pigments (melanin) in patches.
Ringworm is not actually caused by worms. It is caused by fungus which create lesions that look like worms in the shape of a ring.
They are typically red, itchy, and scaly patches that can also develop into blisters.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a type of cancer found in the middle layers of the skin (squamous layers).
This happens when cells begin dividing uncontrollably, creating tumors and has the ability to spread to other organs.
SCC can appear anywhere on the body, but most commonly in sun exposed areas, and can become life-threatening if left untreated.
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer and makes up 75% to 80% of all skin cancers.
Basel cells are found in the lower part of the epidermis and constantly divide to form new cells, replacing the old squamous cells that sheds off on the skin surface.
Impetigo is a contagious bacterial infection that can affect anyone, particularly children between the ages of 2-5.
They appear as red sores that can burst and develop into a yellowish crust.
Moles (melanocytic naevi) are clustered melanocytes (the cells that produce the dark pigment, melanin).
They can be found anywhere on the skin and are typicaly harmless.
However, some can lead to skin cancers. So, make sure to have any suspicious moles checked they cause more troubles then they are worth.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that leads to constant flushing and redness in the face.
As the condition progresses, the area affected can slowly spread past the ears and forehead and move towards the upper chest and back.
Skin ulcers are open wounds caused by minor injuries, prolonged pressure, or poor blood circulation.
The skin typically looks red and inflamed at first but as it worsens, the wound can deepen and ooze blood or clear fluids
Vitiligo is a skin condition characterized by the loss of skin color leading to smooth and white patches of skin.
This is a result of skin cells losing their pigmentation and can affect any area on your body.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic skin condition that results in red, itchy, dry skin. It usually starts in childhood but can begin at any age.
It is a lifelong condition that occurs is cycles, with periods where patients will see very few symptoms.
Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer and occurs when melanocytes (cells that synthesize pigment which determines skin colour) grow out of control and change to abnormal cancerous cells.
If melanoma is not treated, these cells can spread to other organs.
Psoriasis is a skin condition characterized by red (or purple), dry, scaly patches of skin that can be found anywhere on the body.
Most people with psoriasis experience it in cycles with long periods of remission which can suddenly flare-up due to triggers.
There are several types of skin cancers, most notable being Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma.
Each can be very detritmental to a person’s wellbeing as they can lead to pain, bleeding, scarring, and even death.
Warts are benign growths caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
They are typically harmless and cause the thickening/hardening of the skin, usually on the hands and feet.
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